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The change was made to improve durability and strengthen the sward to better withstand the increasing wear of the modern game. The remaining 17 courts are regularly used for other events hosted by the Club. The show courts were in action for the second time in three months in as Wimbledon hosted the tennis events of the Olympic Games.
One of the show courts is also used for home ties of the GB teams in the Davis Cup on occasions. Wimbledon is the only Grand Slam event played on grass courts.
At one time, all the Majors, except the French Open, were played on grass. The US Open abandoned grass in for green clay and the Australian Open did so in for hard courts ; the US Open eventually would adopt hard courts as well. The Church Road venue was larger and was needed to meet the ever-growing public demand.
The order of play for all courts is displayed on boards around the grounds. Due to the possibility of rain during Wimbledon, a retractable roof was installed prior to the Championship. The first full match played and completed under the roof featured Andy Murray and Stan Wawrinka , played on the same date.
The court has a capacity of 15, At its south end is the Royal Box, from which members of the Royal Family and other dignitaries watch matches.
Centre Court usually hosts the finals and semifinals of the main events, as well as many matches in the earlier rounds involving top-seeded players or local favourites. The second most important court is No. The court was constructed in to replace the old No.
The old No. The court was said to have had a unique, more intimate atmosphere and was a favourite of many players.
Construction of a new retractable roof on the No. The capacity of the stadium also rose by to 12, To obtain planning permission , the playing surface is around 3. In a new No. Their principal responsibility is to ensure that the courts are quickly covered when it begins to rain, so that play can resume as quickly as possible once the referees decide to uncover the courts.
The court attendants are mainly university students working to make summer money. Centre Court is covered by full-time groundstaff, however. At the northern end of the grounds is a giant television screen on which important matches are broadcast.
Fans watch from an area of grass officially known as the Aorangi Terrace. When British players do well at Wimbledon, the hill attracts fans for them, and is often renamed after them by the press: Greg Rusedski 's followers convened at "Rusedski Ridge", and Tim Henman has had the hill nicknamed Henman Hill.
As both of them have now retired and Andy Murray is the number 1 British player, the hill is occasionally referred to as "Murray Mound" or " Murrayfield ", as a reference to his Scottish heritage and the Scottish rugby ground of the same name, but this has largely failed to catch on — the area is still usually referred to as Henman Hill.
None of these nicknames are official. On the outside courts there is no reserved seating. Social commentator Ellis Cashmore describes Wimbledon as having "a David Niven -ish propriety", conforming to the standards of behaviour common in the s.
Writer Peter York sees the event as representing a particular white and affluent type of Britishness, describing the area of Wimbledon as "a southern, well off, late-Victorian suburb with a particular social character".
Cashmore has criticised the event for being "remote and insulated" from the changing multicultural character of modern Britain, describing it as "nobody's idea of all-things-British". They should blend into the background and get on with their jobs quietly.
Prior to this, from the s onwards, the ball boys had been provided by The Shaftesbury Children's Home. Wimbledon ball girl at the net, Since , BBGs have been provided by local schools. As of they are drawn from schools in the London boroughs of Merton , Sutton , Kingston , and Wandsworth , as well as from Surrey.
This was possibly owing to their proximity to the club. BBGs have an average age of 15, being drawn from the school years nine and ten. With the expansion of the number of courts, and lengthening the tennis day, as of , the number of BBGs required is around Each BBG receives a certificate, a can of used balls, a group photograph and a programme when leaving.
Every BBG keeps all of their kit, typically consisting of three or four shirts, two or three shorts or skorts , track suit bottoms and top, twelve pairs of socks, three pairs of wristbands, a hat, water bottle holder, bag and trainers.
Along with this it is seen as a privilege, and seen as a valuable addition to a school leaver's curriculum vitae , showing discipline.
BBG places are split between boys and girls, with girls having been used since , appearing on centre court since To be selected, a candidate must pass written tests on the rules of tennis, and pass fitness, mobility and other suitability tests, against initial preliminary instruction material.
Successful candidates then commence a training phase, starting in February, in which the final BBGs are chosen through continual assessment. As of , this training intake was The training includes weekly sessions of physical, procedural and theoretical instruction, to ensure that the BBGs are fast, alert, self-confident and adaptable to situations.
As of , early training occurs at the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis Club Covered Courts, to the side of the Grounds, and then moves to outside courts 8, 9, 10 the week before the Championships for a feel of the grass court.
Dark green and purple are the traditional Wimbledon colours. However, all tennis players participating in the tournament are required to wear all-white or at least almost all-white clothing, a long-time tradition at Wimbledon. Controversy followed Martina Navratilova 's wearing branding for "Kim" cigarettes in Green clothing was worn by the chair umpire, linesmen, ball boys and ball girls until the Championships; however, beginning with the Championships, officials, ball boys and ball girls were dressed in new navy blue- and cream-coloured uniforms from American designer Ralph Lauren.
This marked the first time in the history of the Championships that an outside company was used to design Wimbledon clothing. The junior competitions are referred to as the "Boys'" and "Girls'" competitions.
Prior to , female players were referred to by the title "Miss" or "Mrs. As dictated by strict rule of etiquette, married female players are referred to by their husbands' names: for example, Chris Evert appeared on scoreboards as "Mrs.
Lloyd" during her marriage to John Lloyd , since "Mrs.
X" essentially designates the wife of X. This tradition has continued, at least to some extent. The chair umpire will say "Mr. Venus and Serena Williams, Bob and Mike Bryan , the chair umpire will specify to whom they are referring by stating the player's first name and surname during announcements e.
Now, players are required to bow or curtsy only if The Prince of Wales or The Queen is present,  as was in practice during the Championships when the Queen was in attendance at Wimbledon on 24 June. In the AELTC offered employment to wartime servicemen returning to civilian life during their demobilisation leave.
In London Fire Brigade members joined the ranks of stewards.
The AELTC pays a subsistence allowance to servicemen and women working as stewards to defray their accommodation costs for the period of the Championships. The Service Stewards are not to be confused with the Honorary Stewards.
Tickets[ edit ] Wimbledon operates a ticket resale system where returned Show Court tickets can be purchased. Successful applicants are selected at random by a computer.